List of personal pronouns: I, me, you, he, him, . . .
|Gender||Subject pronoun||Object pronoun||Examples|
|male / female||I||me||I saw John yesterday.
John saw me yesterday.
|male / female
|you||you||You like John.
John likes you.
|male||he||him||He loves Angela.
Angela loves him.
|female||she||her||She knows David.
David knows her.
|neuter (things, animals)||it||it||It costs a lot of money.
Eric bought it.
|male / female (plural)||we||us||We saw John.
John saw us.
|male / female (plural)||you||you||Do you both live here?
I’ll show you both the garden.
|male / female (plural)||they||them||They live together in Paris.
We met them in Spain.
It or he and she for animals?
We mainly use it when speaking about animals. If the animal is a pet, we often use he / him or she / her:
- The cat’s ill – I’m going to take her to the vet.
- Our dog sleeps outside in summer but he comes inside in winter.
Ships are sometimes referred to as she / her:
- The ship was designed in France, but she was built in Italy.
- RMS Titanic sank in April 1912. She was on her maiden voyage.
When we don’t know the person’s gender: he, he or she or they
English has several ways of using a pronoun to represent a person whose gender we do not know, e.g. a visitor, a traveller, a teacher, a driver, a guest, someone, etc. Take a look at these examples:
- There’s someone at the door – let him in, please.
- There’s someone at the door – let them in, please.
- When a guest arrives, they can go straight to their room.
- When a guest arrives, he or she can go straight to their room.
- When a guest arrives, he can go straight to his room.