List of English irregular verbs: A – E

What is an irregular verb?

Irregular verbs are those that don’t follow the normal rule of adding –d, –ed or –ied to form their past simple and past participle.

Irregular verbs have a variety of spellings. Their infinitive, past simple and infinitive forms are sometimes the same, sometimes different:

  • Some irregular verbs have the same infinitive, past simple and past participle forms.
  • Some irregular verbs have different infinitive, past simple and past participle forms.
  • Some irregular verbs have the same past simple and past participle forms, but a different infinitive.

Common English irregular verbs

This is a list of over 180 common English irregular verbs, with their past simple and past participle forms.

The list does not include less common verbs or those which simply add the prefixes re-, un– or out– to a verb already on the list.

Verbs A-E | Verbs F-R | Verbs S-Z

English irregular verbs A – E
Verb (infinitive) Past simple form Past participle
A
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
B
bear bore borne
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
beset beset beset
bet bet/betted bet
bid bid bid
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
Verb (infinitive) Past simple form Past participle
C
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
Verb (infinitive) Past simple form Past participle
D
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived/dove (AmE) dived
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt /dreamed dreamt /dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
E
eat ate eaten

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Verbs A-E | Verbs F-R | Verbs S-Z