10 common informal words (for elementary learners)
We use a lot of informal words when we speak with friends or people we know well. In more formal situations we usually use more ‘standard’ words.
To get you started, here is a list of common English informal words versus their more ‘standard’ equivalents.
|‘standard’ word||informal equivalent||example|
|a child, children||a kid, kids||We have two kids – a son and a daughter.|
|mother||mum||My mum’s name is Anna.|
|father||dad||My mum and dad met in 1992.|
|money||cash||I can’t go to the cinema – I don’t have any cash.|
|a bicycle||a bike||My brother got a new bike for Christmas.|
|a telephone||a phone||I need to call home; can I borrow your phone?|
|goodbye||bye||Bye – see you later!|
|a man||a guy*||That’s the guy that works in the garage.|
|fashionable, attractive||cool||That’s a really cool hat – where did you buy it?|
|my house, my flat||my place||I’m having a party at my place on Saturday.|
* A guy is usually a man, but we can use guys when we speak to a group of girls or women, or to a mixed group of people:
Hurry up, guys! It’s time to go.