70 common irregular verbs: pre-intermediate learners

This is a list of the most common irregular verbs in English.

Pre-intermediate level students should be familiar with all or most of these words.

There are 70 verbs here in total.

For more advanced learners, see our complete list of English irregular verbs.

Verb (infinitive) Past simple form Past participle
become became become
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
get got got (BrE) / gotten (AmE)
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown


have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
know knew known
learn learned learnt/learned
leave left left
lend lent lent
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
show showed shown
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written

See also: our full list of irregular verbs.

test_beg4 Practise this grammar (beginner/elementary): Irregular verbs practice exercise (1)
test_beg4 Practise this grammar (beginner/elementary): Irregular verbs practice exercise (2)
test_beg4 Practise this grammar (beginner/elementary): Irregular verbs practice exercise (3)
test_beg4 Practise this grammar (beginner/elementary): Past participles of irregular verbs (1)
test_beg4 Practise this grammar (beginner/elementary): Past participles of irregular verbs (2)