Pronunciation of -ed ending of regular verbs

 
To form the past simple and past participle of regular verbs we add ed:

play ➞ played
work ➞ worked
start ➞ started

There are three different ways to pronounce the –ed ending:

sound example pronunciation
/t/ worked ‘t’ sound
/d/ played ‘d’ sound
/id/ started ‘id’ sound

 

Some regular verbs with the –ed ending pronounced /t/

verb past tense pronunciation
 /t/
work worked worked
cook cooked cooked
walk walked walked
kiss kissed kissed
like liked liked
stop stopped stopped
look looked looked
drop dropped dropped

 

Some regular verbs with the –ed ending pronounced /d/

verb past tense pronunciation
/d/
play played played
show showed showed
close closed closed
open opened opened
enjoy enjoyed enjoyed
love loved loved
try tried tried
rain rained rained
learn learned learned
clean cleaned cleaned

 

Some regular verbs with the –ed ending pronounced /id/

verb past tense pronunciation
/id/
wait waited waited
want wanted wanted
need needed needed
decide decided decided
hate hated hated
taste tasted tasted
end ended ended

5 Comments

  1. Marcia Moghetti Picorallo - August 28, 2015, 2:53 pm Reply

    I think this list may be useful but not totally effective. Many EFL learners may memorize it but still not understand why there are three different -ed sounds. My suggestion is that you include the reason why, so they won’t have to rely on a list, but rather be able to speak correctly any -ed sounds.

    Touch your throat as you say a verb. Isolate the last sound before -ed (otherwise, there will Always be vibration)

    1. when the last sound before -ed is voiced (which means you will feel your vocal cords vibrate), the
    -ed sound is /d/. Examples in the second column above.

    2. when the last sound before -ed is voiceless (which means you won’t feel your vocal cords vibrate), the -ed sound is /t/. Examples in the first column above.

    3. when the last sound before -ed is /t/ or /d/ the -ed sound is /id/. Examples in the third column above.

    This is how I learned and how I teach my students. I hope it will help others too.

    • Anonymous - April 18, 2016, 10:39 pm Reply

      I think Marcia is right. I am thankful for her explication because it has permitted me to find any rule. For that, I can identify the difference I need to pronounced T, D or ID. For example I will pronounced TED and DED as ID.

  2. Babanna - November 6, 2015, 9:34 am Reply

    I like this lesson of /ed/ pronunciation it has been very benificial.

    • Kousic - December 12, 2015, 11:55 am Reply

      Great tips. Appreciate you

  3. Ifeoluwa olowoye - September 21, 2016, 11:37 am Reply

    Quite helpful rule to teaching the pronunciation technique for regular verbs past tenses.

    thank you.

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