Pronunciation of -ed ending of regular verbs

 
To form the past simple and past participle of regular verbs we add -ed:

play ➞ played
work ➞ worked
start ➞ started


There are three different ways to pronounce the -ed ending:

sound example pronunciation
/t/ worked ‘t’ sound
/d/ played ‘d’ sound
/id/ started ‘id’ sound

 

Some regular verbs with the -ed ending pronounced /t/

verb past tense pronunciation
 /t/
work worked worked
cook cooked cooked
walk walked walked
kiss kissed kissed
like liked liked
stop stopped stopped
look looked looked
drop dropped dropped

 

Some regular verbs with the -ed ending pronounced /d/

verb past tense pronunciation
/d/
play played played
show showed showed
close closed closed
open opened opened
enjoy enjoyed enjoyed
love loved loved
try tried tried
rain rained rained
learn learned learned
clean cleaned cleaned

 

Some regular verbs with the -ed ending pronounced /id/

verb past tense pronunciation
/id/
wait waited waited
want wanted wanted
need needed needed
decide decided decided
hate hated hated
taste tasted tasted
end ended ended