Because, because of: difference

Because vs. because of
Because is a conjunction. The structure we use is
because + subject + verb.

He moved to London because his girlfriend lives there.
(his girlfriend lives = subject + verb)
Because of is a preposition. We use the structure
because of + noun
or
because of + pronoun (you, me, him, etc.).

He moved to London because of his girlfriend.
(girlfriend = noun)

He moved to London because of her.
(her = pronoun)
Common mistakes:

I was late because of the traffic was bad.
I was late because the traffic was bad.

I was late because the traffic.
I was late because of the traffic.
See also How to use “because”

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