Although, even though vs. despite
Although and even though have a similar meaning to despite and in spite of.
We use all of these words to say that a thing is surprising, unusual or unexpected in relation to another thing. This is called concession.
While the meaning of these words is similar, there is a difference in how we use them.
Although and even though are conjunctions. They have the same meaning. Even though is a little stronger than although.
We use these structures:
- although + a clause
- even though + a clause
Despite and in spite of are prepositions, and have the same meaning. They are used with these structures:
- despite + noun
- despite + verb + -ing
- in spite of + a noun
- in spite of + verb + -ing
|Although, even though vs. despite|
|The examples below show us that although / even though and despite / in spite of are similar in meaning, but are used differently.|
|although, even though
|despite, in spite of
(+ verb + -ing)
|Even though he's a millionaire, he lives in a very small flat.||Despite / in spite of being a millionaire, he lives in a very small flat.|
|He lives in a very small flat even though he's a millionaire.||He lives in a very small flat despite / in spite of being a millionaire.|
|Although / even though he's much older than the others, he won the race.||Despite / in spite of being much older than the others, he won the race.|
|He won the race although / even though he's much older than the others.||He won the race despite / in spite of being much older than the others.|
|Even though / although it rained a lot, I enjoyed the holiday.||Despite / in spite of the rain, I enjoyed the holiday.|
|Even though / although they have a lot of money, they're still not happy.||Despite / in spite of their money, they're still not happy.|
|Practice exercise 1. (upper-intermediate) Despite, in spite of, although, even though ex.1|
|Practice exercise 2. (upper-intermediate) Despite, in spite of, although, even though ex. 2|