Structures of reported questions
|Structure of reported questions|
|direct speech||Is it better to wait?|
|reported question||She asked if it was better to wait.|
|direct speech||Have you been to Spain?|
|reported question||He asked if I’d (I had) been to Spain.|
|Reported questions - common mistakes|
|Common mistakes||Correct version||Why?|
|She asked me why did I work so much.||She asked me why I worked so much.||The word order in reported questions is: subject + verb.|
|She asked me it was raining.||She asked me if it was raining.||Yes-no questions (closed questions) begin with if when they become reported questions.|
|She asked me if I have been to Bristol?
She asked me what I do for a living.
|She asked me if I had been to Bristol.
She asked me what I did for a living.
|If the reporting verb (in this case ask) is in the past tense, we usually change the tense of the verb which follows:
I am ⇒ I was
I can ⇒ I could
have been ⇒ had been
was ⇒ had been
will ⇒ would
can ⇒ could