Since (conjunction)

‘Since’ used as a conjunction

When since is used as a conjunction, it joins a main clause and a subordinate clause. Since comes at the beginning of the subordinate clause.

  • Mike has been promoted twice since he joined the company.
    (main clause = ‘Mike has been promoted twice’; subordinate clause = ‘he joined the company’)
  • I’ve been very busy since I started my new job.

Since can also mean because or as:

  • I think I’ll stay home and watch a film, since it’s raining.
    • Since the plane’s going to be an hour late, let’s go and get some coffee.

    See examples of since used as a preposition or adverb.

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