Second conditional: when and how to use
|Structure of second conditional|
|If I had more time, I'd travel more.
I'd = I would
|I wouldn't refuse if you offered me $10,000.
I would be surprised if he didn't come.
wouldn't = would not
didn't = did not
|What would you say if you met the President?|
When to use
We use the second conditional to express an unreal or improbable condition and its result in the present or future:
|If I had more time, . . .||I’d learn another language.|
|If I won the lottery, . . .||I’d buy a house near the sea.|
|The second conditional – common mistakes|
|Common mistakes||Correct version||Why?|
|if I would have||If I had enough money, I would buy a new computer.||We use the past simple (I had) in the if-clause. It shows we are talking about something which is unlikely to happen or is an imaginary situation.|
|you will feel||If you didn't hurry so much, you would feel more relaxed.||The structure of the main clause is would + infinitive.|
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Other practice exercises
Intermediate level: First vs. second conditional exercise >>