What are adverbs?
|We use an adverb to say how an action is performed. We call these adverbs of manner.||He speaks English fluently.
She answered correctly.
|We use an adverb to add information about the place or time.||How long have you lived here?
Were you at home yesterday?
|We can use an adverb to intensify an adjective or verb.||She was extremely happy to see him again.
I really hate travelling by train.
|We can use an adverb of frequency to say how often we do something.||I always go jogging on Sundays.
We're vegetarians: we never eat meat.
|Forms of adverbs|
|Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to an adjective.||nicely
|If the adjective ends in -ic we add -ally.||basic ⇒ basically
dramatic ⇒ dramatically
|Some adverbs are irregular: they have the same form as the adjective.
List of irregular adverbs
|fast ⇒ fast
daily ⇒ daily
late ⇒ late
early ⇒ early
hard ⇒ hard
|The adjective good is irregular: its adverb form is well.||good ⇒ well|
|Adverbs – common mistakes|
|Common mistakes||Correct version||Why?|
|The camera works perfect.||The camera works perfectly.||We use an adverb (perfectly = adverb, perfect = adjective) when we want to say how we do something.|
|Did you work hardly today?||Did you work hard today?||Some adverbs have the same form as the adjective: hard - hard, fast - fast, late - late.|
|She behaved rather sillily.
She passed the exam difficultly.
|She behaved in a silly way.
She passed the exam with difficulty.
|Some adjectives (including many ending in -ly) don't have an adverb equivalent. Instead, we use an adverbial phrase (in a friendly manner, in a silly way, with difficulty).|
|His answer sounded correctly.
He looks happily.
|His answer sounded correct.
He looks happy.
|After linking verbs (look, sound, taste, smell, feel, seem, etc.) we use adjectives, NOT adverbs.|