Upper-intermediate grammar exercise: reported speech
English grammar practice exercise, upper-intermediate.
In this exercise you will practise reported speech.
Instructions: rewrite the following in reported speech.
|Structures of reported speech|
She said, "It is better to wait."
She said (that) it was better to wait.
He said, "I have never been to Spain."
He said (that) he had never been to Spain.
|Reported speech - common mistakes|
|Common mistakes||Correct version||Why?|
|She said me that she wasn't able to do it.||She told me that she wasn't able to do it.||After tell we mention the listener. After say we don't mention the listener.|
|She told me that she is looking for her handbag.
He told me he hasn't seen her before.
She told me she will see him later.
|She told me that she was looking for her handbag.
He told me he hadn't seen her before.
She told me she would see him later.
|If the reporting verb (in this case tell) is in the past tense, we usually change the tense of the following verb(s):
I am ⇒ I was
I can ⇒ I could have been ⇒ had been
was ⇒ had been
will ⇒ would
can ⇒ could
|I told him don't go there.||I told him not to go there.||When we report a command or warning, we use (not) + to + infinitive.|