Upper-intermediate grammar exercise: reported speech
English grammar practice exercise, upper-intermediate.
In this exercise you will practise reported speech.
Instructions: rewrite the following in reported speech.
|Structure of reported speech|
|direct speech||It’s better to wait.|
|reported speech||She said that it was better to wait.|
|direct speech||I’ve (I have) never been to Spain.|
|reported speech||He said that he had never been to Spain.|
|Reported speech – common mistakes|
|Common mistakes||Correct version||Why?|
|She said me that she wasn't able to do it.||She told me that she wasn't able to do it.||After tell we mention the listener. After say we don't mention the listener.|
|She told me that she is looking for her handbag.
He told me he hasn't seen her before.
She told me she will see him later.
|She told me that she was looking for her handbag.
He told me he hadn't seen her before.
She told me she would see him later.
|If the reporting verb (in this case tell) is in the past tense, we usually change the tense of the verb which follows:
I am ⇒ I was
I can ⇒ I could
have been ⇒ had been
was ⇒ had been
will ⇒ would
can ⇒ could
|I told him don't go there.||I told him not to go there.||When we report a command or warning, we use (not) + to + infinitive.|