Upper-intermediate grammar exercise: reported speech

English grammar practice exercise, upper-intermediate.

In this exercise you will practise reported speech.

Instructions: rewrite the following in reported speech.



questions go herescore goes here



Structure of reported speech
direct speech It’s better to wait.
reported speech She said that it was better to wait.
direct speech I’ve (I have) never been to Spain.
reported speech He said that he had never been to Spain.



Reported speech – common mistakes
Common mistakes Correct version Why?
She said me that she wasn't able to do it. She told me that she wasn't able to do it. After tell we mention the listener. After say we don't mention the listener.
She told me that she is looking for her handbag.
He told me he hasn't seen her before.
She told me she will see him later.
She told me that she was looking for her handbag.
He told me he hadn't seen her before.
She told me she would see him later.
If the reporting verb (in this case tell) is in the past tense, we usually change the tense of the verb which follows:
I amI was
I canI could
have beenhad been
washad been
willwould
cancould
I told him don't go there. I told him not to go there. When we report a command or warning, we use (not) + to + infinitive.