English grammar practice exercise, for pre-intermediate and intermediate level.
In this exercise you will practise using relative pronouns: who, which, that, whose, when and where.
Instructions: Put who, which, that, whose, when or where in each gap to make one sentence from the two sentences given:
Defining relative clauses are used to specify which person or thing we mean. We don't put commas between the noun and a defining relative clause.
Who or that are used for people.
Which or that are used for things.
I have a friend who speaks five languages.
I have a friend that speaks five languages.
She showed me the coat which she had bought.
She showed me the coat that she had bought.
Non-defining relative clauses (extra information clauses) are used to add extra information to a sentence. We put commas between the noun and a non-defining relative clause.
Who is used for people.
Which is used for things.
That cannot be used.
Mr Fry, who speaks five languages, works as a translator for the EU.
The area, which has very high unemployment, is in the north of the country.
|We use who or that when we talk about people. Who is more formal than that.||
This is the man who helped us.
This is the man that helped us.
|We use which or that when we talk about things (not people). Which is more formal than that.||
It's the watch which my husband bought me for my birthday.
It's the watch that my husband bought me for my birthday. (less formal)
|Which and that can be left out of a defining relative clause when the pronoun refers to the object of the sentence.||
It's the watch my husband bought me for my birthday.
In this sentence, 'the watch' is the object of the verb 'bought' and so we don't need to use that or which.
|Which and that cannot be left out of a defining relative clause when the pronoun refers to the subject of the sentence.||
It was the man that sold me the car.
In this sentence, 'the man' is the subject of the verb 'sold' and so we need to use a relative pronoun that or who.
|We use whose to show possession.||John, whose brother was also a musician, plays over 100 concerts every year.|
|We use where when we talk about place.||My wife and I went back to the bar where we first met.|