In this exercise you will practise the future simple (will) versus the ‘going to’ future.
Instructions: Use the words in brackets to put the following into the correct tense – the future simple (will) or ‘going to’ future.
|I will (I'll) be there tomorrow.
||I won't (will not) be there.
||Will I be there tomorrow?
|you will, he will, she will, it will, we will, they will
||you will not, he will not, she will not, it will not, we will not, they will not
||will you?, will he?, will she?, will it?, will we?, will they?
|I'm (I am) going to take my holidays in August.
||I'm (I am) not going to take a holiday this year.
||Are you going to take a holiday?
|He's (he is) going to watch TV this evening.
||He isn't (is not) going to watch TV this evening.
||Is he going to watch TV this evening?
|The phone's ringing.
~ OK, I'm going to answer it.
|Ok – I'll answer it.
||If the action is decided at the moment of speaking, we mostly use will.
|I'm sure he is going to help you.
||I'm sure he will help you.
||When we say what we think or expect, we use will.
|I won't probably be there.
||I probably won't be there.
I'll probably be there.
|The adverbs definitely and probably come before won't, but after will.
|I promise I'm going to help.
||I promise I'll help.
||After promise we usually use will, not the 'going to' future.
|I'll call you when I'll get to my office.
||I'll call you when I get to my office.
||When we refer to the future in adverbial clauses, we normally use the present simple (after when, as soon as and until).
|If you will give me your address, I'll send you a postcard.
||If you give me your address, I'll send you a postcard.
||When we refer to the future in conditional clauses, we usually use the present simple.
|I can't see you next week – I will return to Paris.
||I can't see you next week – I am returning / am going to return to Paris.
||For decisions made in the past and for things we have arranged, we use the present continuous or the 'going to' future.
|You know that I'll buy a new car, don't you?
||You know that I'm going to buy a new car, don't you?
||We use going to for a future action that has been decided before the time of speaking.
|Look! You'll drop your books.
||Look! You're going to drop your books.
||We use going to if we see (and are sure) that the action will happen.