Business vocabulary exercise: describing trends (rise, raise, lower, fall, grow) ex. 1

Business English vocabulary exercise, intermediate level.

This exercise gives you practice using five verbs for describing trends:

rise | raise | lower | fall | grow

Exercise instructions

1. Study the vocabulary, including ‘how to use’ and the example sentences.
2. Do the exercise below and check your answers.

rise

rise

rise
verb to go up, to increase
how to use intransitive verb (the verb never has an object)
irregular verb rise, rose, risen
something rises; prices rise; inflation rises;
rise from $80 to $90 = rise by $10
examples 1. Inflation is rising at the moment.
2. Inflation rose by half a per cent last month.
3. Oil prices have risen again.

raise

raise

raise
verb to make something go up; to make something higher or bigger
how to use synonym: increase
raise something; raise prices; raise tax; raise standards
examples 1. The company has raised employees’ salaries by 5%.
2. The Government raised taxes last year.
compare raise and rise: the company is raising the price / the price is rising

lower

low.er

lower
verb to move something down, move something to a low position or amount
how to use synonyms: decrease, reduce
lower something; lower tax; lower interest rates
examples 1. The National Bank has lowered interest rates by 1%.
2. They have lowered the rate of income tax for married couples.

fall

fall

fall
verb to became less; to become lower in amount or size or strength
how to use intransitive verb (the verb never has an object)
irregular verb fall, fell, fallen
something falls; inflation falls; sales fall; turnover falls; demand falls;
fall from $90 to $80 = fall by $10
examples 1. Our annual turnover has fallen from $15m to $14m.
2. Unfortunately, demand for our products fell last year.

grow

grow

grow
verb to increase in number or amount over a period of time
how to use intransitive verb (the verb never has an object)
something grows; demand grows, interest in something grows; profits grow;
grow by 20%
examples 1. Last year profits grew by 8%.
2. Interest in e-books has grown a lot in the last few years.

questions go herescoregoes here